The Guardian, Thursday, September 4, 2003 p.58
a paper, three-and-a-half three-and-a-half three-and-a-half three-and-a-half three-and-a-half three-and-a-half three-and-a-half years ago in Nature Medicine, claiming that patients with terminal kidney cancer had been successfully successfully treated with individualised vaccines, have retracted their work. Scientists in Germany, where the clinical studies were carried out, say they are relieved the affair is closed, but the delay in correcting the record has sapped researchers' morale. An investigation committee at the University of Gottingen reported last November that the paper "failed to meet the requirements of good scientific scientific practice". It found the lead author, author, Alexander Kugler. guilty of gross negligence, but cleared the other 14-co-authors 14-co-authors 14-co-authors 14-co-authors 14-co-authors of scientific misconduct. The vaccine trials, sponsored by healthcare company Presenilis, were suspended earlier after allegations of irregularities in clinical practice. The university had been accused of being slow to complete its investigation. The retraction appears in this month's Nature Medicine, with an editorial editorial on why it took a further 10 months from the committee's ruling to persuade the authors to retract. "It is more meaningful if authors take the responsibility, and it has more power within the scientific community," community," says editor Beatrice Renault. One of the authors, Rolf-Hermann Rolf-Hermann Rolf-Hermann Ringert of the University of Gottingen. says that despite errors in the publication publication including inaccuracies in primary data and inclusion of patients not fulfiling the requirements of the trial he tried to persuade the journal to publish corrections. He stands by the central claim that this type of vaccine is effective. Oldest examples of figurative art found Ivory carvings said to be the oldest known examples of figurative art have been unearthed in a cave in south-west south-west south-west Germany. Researchers say they could change our understanding of early man's imaginative endeavours. The artefacts including a lowen-mensch lowen-mensch lowen-mensch (lion man) figurine have been carbon-dated carbon-dated carbon-dated to about 30,000 years ago, when some of the earliest known relatives of modern humans populated Europe. Discovered last year by a team led by US archaeologist Nicholas Conard of the University of Tubingen in Germany, Germany, at the Hohle Pels cave near Ulm, they include horse and a bird figures. Conard thinks the figures are older than fragments of a previous lowen-mensch, lowen-mensch, lowen-mensch, found in 15)39 ncarVogelherd. The new objects were at a lower level in the cave floor sediments. "These discoveries have incredible significance," says Clive Gamble, an archaeologist at the University of early A of with class. began of ions.