Clipped From The Guardian
" FORTS' " TRIPLE ATTACK German Oil Plants 23 NAZI FIGHTERS SHOT DOWN Large formations of United States Flying Fortresses yesterday carried out one of their heaviest raids on Germany, when a triple attack was made on synthetic oil plants at Gelsenkirchen (north-east (north-east (north-east of Essen) and Wesserling (south of Cologne) and on an industrial target at Bonn, m the Ruhr. The operations were supported bv American. R.A.F.. Dominion, and Allied fighters and fighter-bombers fighter-bombers fighter-bombers and were made in the face of intense anti-aircraft anti-aircraft anti-aircraft fire. Preliminary reports from the crews taking part show that fires were left burnine at each of the three centrjs. 7 Bremen Hznovcr Berlin oEssen Leipzig Cologne . ... .- .- . rranktfirt -Prague -Prague rt ----- ----- ----- ----- ----- . a rx '. BOHEMIA V I L Nuremberg J$ fegensburg '. Z R DP ny BAVARIA J Munich 7 6 too r ! T A L V SWITZER LAND miLES successful of of Enemy fighter resistance was particularly particularly strong over Gelsenkirchen, and more than twenty enemy machines were destroyed by the bombers. Thunderbolts Thunderbolts and Spitfires, which covered the withdrawal of the Fortresses, shot down three others. The attacking force flew at the highest altitude Fortresses have so far used in their operational flights, says a British United Press correspondent. The temperature temperature dropped to 45 below zero, and in consequence of severe icing, the I heavy vapour trails, and cloud detailed i observation was difficult. At Gelsen kirchen, however bombs were seen to burst right across the target. Twenty-five Twenty-five Twenty-five bombers are missing. Several, it is believed, were damaged by th3 heavy flak and. as they dropped behind their formations were attacked by enemy fighters. One Fortress which was being attacked by M.E. 109"s north of Ghent was " rescued " by Canadian Spitfire pilots, who'broke up the attack and destroyed one of the enemy. Altogether it is estimated that over 300 German fighters were met by the Fortresses m yesterday's raid. Clark Gable, now a captain in the United States Air Force, was in the Fortress which led the attack on Gelsenkirchen, and stood throughout the s.x-hour s.x-hour s.x-hour flight to "shoot" a gunnery training film. The machine returned wth 15 flak holes Simultaneously raids were made bv Marauders (B. 26't). escorted and covered bv Spitfires, on the enemy airfield airfield at Foix. in France, and by Typhoon bombers at Courtrai and at Merville. Good bombing results were reported in each case.